Talk abstract details

Supernovae and Dark Energy
Inma Domínguez, Eduardo Bravo, Luciano Piersanti and Oscar Straniero


A decade ago the observations of thermonuclear supernovae at high-redhifts showed that the expansion rate of the Universe is accelerating and since then, the evidence for cosmic acceleration has gotten stronger. This acceleration requires that the Universe is dominated by dark energy, an exotic component characterized by its negative pressure. Nowadays all the available astronomical data (thermonuclear supernovae, cosmic microwave background, barionic acoustic oscillations, large scale structure, etc.) agree that our Universe is made of about 70% of dark energy, 25% of cold dark matter and only 5% of known, familiar matter. This Universe is geometrically flat, older than previously thought, its destinity is no longer linked to its geometry but to dark energy, and we ignore about 95% of its components. To understand the nature of dark energy is probably the most fundamental problem in physics today. Current astronomical observations are compatible with dark energy being the vacuum energy (or cosmological constant). Supernovae have played a fundamental role in modern Cosmology and it is expected that they will contribute to unveil the nature of dark energy. In order to do that it is now mandatory to improve the precision of supernovae as distance indicators and analyze their limits.