Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad Gobierno de Canarias Universidad de La Laguna CSIC Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa

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Determination of O and Fe abundances in the metal poor stars

Author/s: Nataliya Shchukina, Javier Trujillo Bueno y Martin Asplund

Reference: The Astrophysical Journal, 618:939–952, 2005 January 10| PDF

Intensity profiles of an iron line calculated in a 3D 
hydrodynamical model of the atmosphere of a metal-poor star, assuming 
LTE (right panel) and without assuming LTE (left panel). The resulting 
average profile in each case is that given by thickest line.
Intensity profiles of an iron line calculated in a 3D hydrodynamical model of the atmosphere of a metal-poor star, assuming LTE (right panel) and without assuming LTE (left panel). The resulting average profile in each case is that given by thickest line.

The abundances of oxygen and iron in metal-poor stars have been determined through non-LTE radiative transfer simulations in three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamical models of their atmospheres. The performing of this type of calculations required to develop first very efficient numerical methods and computer programs. Taking into account that the atmospheres of the stars are 3D systems and the impact of non-LTE effects leads to very significant changes in the derived chemical abundances. It has been concluded that the metalicity of some metal-poor stars could be significantly larger than previously thought.

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