AO4ELT5 Proceedings

The challenge of MOEMS deformable mirror tested in cryo for future AO systems

Zamkotsian, Frederic (LAM), Lanzoni, Patrick (LAM), Barette, Rudy (LAM), Helmbrecht, Michael (Iris AO), Marchis, Franck (Iris AO), Teichman, Alex (Iris AO)

MOEMS Deformable Mirrors (DM) are key components for next generation optical instruments implementing innovative adaptive optics systems, in existing telescopes and in the future ELTs. Characterizing these components well is critical for next generation instruments. This is done by interferometry, including surface quality measurement in static and dynamical modes, at ambient and in vacuum/cryo. We use a compact cryo-vacuum chamber designed for reaching 10-6 mbar and 160K, in front of our custom Michelson interferometer, able to measure performance of the DM at actuator/segment level and at the entire mirror level, with a lateral resolution of 2µm and a sub-nanometer z-resolution. We tested the PTT 111 DM from Iris AO: an array of single crystalline silicon hexagonal mirrors with a pitch of 606µm, able to move in tip, tilt and piston (stroke 5-7µm, tilt +/- 5mrad). The device could be operated successfully from ambient to 160K. An additional, mainly focus-like, 500 nm deformation of the entire mirror is measured at 160K; we were able to recover the best flat in cryo by correcting the focus and local tip-tilts on all segments, reaching 12nm rms. Finally, the goal of these studies is to test DMs in cryo and vacuum conditions as well as to improve their architecture for stable operation in harsh environment.

DOI: 10.26698/AO4ELT5.0166- Proceeding PDF

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