Poster abstract details

The General Technique of the Research of Historical Sites in the Astronomical Coordinates
Olga Polyakova


The necessity of the research of historical sites in various astronomical coordinates is a topical matter these days because recently there has been even no denial of the idea that ancient people knew the starry heaven very well due to their worship of celestial forces and their solid perception of Cosmos. That is why not only newly-discovered sites are to be subject to a full archeological and astronomical research but also those which were discovered long ago which were mot studied in terms of the presence of astronomical coordinates in them. The common archeological and astronomical research is reduced to the study in the Horizontal polar astronomical coordinates when the positions of celestial bodies are analyzed above the horizon. However it is not enough for a full astronomical analysis of historical sites. Some bodies are left unexplained because they belong to other astronomical coordinates: polar – Equatorial, Ecliptic, Galactic or zenithal – Vertical or Horizontal.
Some researchers only partially touched upon the topic of research in various astronomical coordinate systems. For instance, T.M. Potemkina and V.A. Yurevich (Moscow, Russia)(1) offer a traditional research technique for archeological sites in polar Horizontal coordinates. In Russia by this technique arheoastronomy researches will carry out L.S. Marsadolov, V.L. Gorshkov, V.E. Larichev, N.N. Kochmar, A.V. Pen'kov, N.G. Bochkarev, A.K. Kirillov, J.V. Nikitonova, N.V. Dmitrieva etc, and in Kazakstan – N.M. Bekbassarov, A.Z. Beysenov, V.A. Ikonnikov etc. E.N.Kaurov (Moscow, Russia)(2)researches astronomical sites in the polar Equatorial and Ecliptic coordinates. R. Frank (London, Iowa)(3) speaks soundly about the polar Equatorial coordinates mentioned in the legends of Slavic and Finno-Ugric peoples as well as in the ancient objects of cult, for example, octagons and tambourines. K.K. Bystrushkin (Chelyabinsk, Russia)(4) researches the world scale archeological and mythological historical sites in the polar Equatorial, Ecliptic, Galactic coordinates. M.I. Israpilov (Dagestan, Russia)(5), despite of some doubtful conclusions, speaks soundly about the zenithal coordinates on the sites of Dagestan as distinguished from the polar ones with the help of which the time of year was determined by the shadows of objects.
The author of such a presentation in the work "Types of Astronomical Arrangements in Archeological Ssites (methodological aspects)" (Chelyabinsk, 2003)offers to consider the archeological and myphological sites in a complex of polar coordinates – Horizontal, Equatorial, Ecliptic, Galactic ones. By this complex polar technique the autor together with other reseachers has studied materials: on Altai from L.S. Marsadolov - in Ak-Baur (2004) and Semisart (2005); on Ukraina from T.M. Potemkina and S.V. Ivanova - in Revovo 3 (2005); on Soutern Ural from A.I. Mathsyna - in Kondurovka (2004)and Solochanka I (2005); from K.A. Denisova, J.V. Nikitonova, D.G. Emchenko - on Arkaim (2006); on Altai from N.V. Dmitrieva - in Ak-Baur (2007); from V.E. Larichev - in Siberia (2007); from I. Sagyndyk - in Kazakhstan (2007).
The work "Archeological Astronomy in the Evolutionary Cognition" (Moscow, 2007) unites and improves the previous experience of archeological and astronomical research as well as offers a general technique of research of ancient archeological, mythological and religious sites in the astronomical coordinates: the complex of polar ones - Horizontal, Equatorial, Ecliptic, Galactic and the zenithal ones – Horizontal and Vertical. This technique allows reconstructing a full cosmologic picture of perception of the World order by the ancient people.

1. T.M. Potemkina, V.A. Yurevich From the Experience of Archeological and Astronomical Research of Archeological Sites (methodic aspect). Moscow, 1998.
2. E.N.Kaurov Constellation of the Dragon: archaic system of astronomical supervision // The Dragon and the Zodiac. Moscow, 1997. With. 5-50.
3. R. Frank Hunting the European Sky Bears: Evidence for a Celestial Mapping System in Slavic and Finno-Ugric Folk Traditions // Astronomical knowledge in Ancient Folklore. Moscow, 2002. P. 237-248.
4. K.K. Bystrushkin Arkaim Phenomenon. Moscow. 2003
5. M.I. Israpilov Cave Drawings of Dagestan and the Changes of the Poles and the Axial Tilt of the Earth in the Holocene Period. Makhachkala, 2003. P. 16-21.