Numerical Simulation of Astrophysical Processes

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Organizational Unit

The general aim of this project is the investigation of astrophysical processes through the use of state­of­the­art numerical codes on massively parallel computers. More specifically, the research in many astrophysical fields requires an understanding of gas dynamical, magnetic, radiative transfer and gravitational phenomena not accessible to purely theoretical analysis. In the framework of this project calculation aimed at understanding the multidimensional structure and evolution of magnetic fields in stellar atmospheres and interiors are carried out, including magnetohydrodynamical aspects, radiative transfer and spectral line polarization. Special emphasis is placed on the comparison of the theoretical/numerical results with observational data.

Principal investigator
  1. Small magnetic loops are observed to appear in the interior of individual granules in the quiet Sun. Using 3D numerical the mechanisms that produce this emergence is discovered. The results have been published in ApJ Letter 859, id. L26 and led by Prof Fernando Moreno-Insertis.
  2. In an international collaboration, almost 200 solar prominence oscillations events have been catalogued. This is the first statistically significant study of these phenomena done that also includes large-amplitude oscillations. This work has been led by Dr Manuel Luna and published in ApJ Supplement Series, 236, id. 35.

Publications related

  • Unnoticed Magnetic Field Oscillations in the Very Quiet Sun Revealed by SUNRISE/IMaX

    We present observational evidence for oscillations of magnetic flux density in the quiet areas of the Sun. The majority of magnetic fields on the solar surface have strengths of the order of or lower than the equipartition field (300-500 G). This results in a myriad of magnetic fields whose evolution is largely determined by the turbulent plasma

    Martínez-González, M. J. et al.

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  • The Frontier between Small-scale Bipoles and Ephemeral Regions in the Solar Photosphere: Emergence and Decay of an Intermediate-scale Bipole Observed with SUNRISE/IMaX

    We report on the photospheric evolution of an intermediate-scale (≈4 Mm footpoint separation) magnetic bipole, from emergence to decay, observed in the quiet Sun at high spatial (0farcs3) and temporal (33 s) resolution. The observations were acquired by the Imaging Magnetograph Experiment imaging magnetograph during the first science flight of the

    Guglielmino, S. L. et al.

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  • Channeling 5 Minute Photospheric Oscillations into the Solar Outer Atmosphere through Small-Scale Vertical Magnetic Flux Tubes

    We report two-dimensional MHD simulations which demonstrate that photospheric 5 minute oscillations can leak into the chromosphere inside small-scale vertical magnetic flux tubes. The results of our numerical experiments are compatible with those inferred from simultaneous spectropolarimetric observations of the photosphere and chromosphere

    Khomenko, E. et al.

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