AGB Stars and Their Circumstellar Envelopes: An Operative Approach to Computing Their Atmospheres

Cristallo, Sergio; Piersanti, Luciano; Crivellari, Lucio
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The study of AGB stars necessarily covers a wide range of topics, from the primary astronomical observations to their interpretation in terms of fundamental physics. All that requires proper ad hoc methodologies, among which numerical modeling of the outer layers of AGB stars plays a paramount role. In this paper, we present an iterative sequential procedure, operative and physically sound, tailored to compute extended stellar atmospheres. It will constitute the backbone of the in fieri TEIDE package to be implemented into our VULCAN code. Such an improvement will allow us to compute more realistic models of the extended atmospheres of AGB stars taking into account important physical aspects that are neglected in the actual version of VULCAN
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Nucleosynthesis and molecular processes in the late stages of Stellar Evolution

Low- to intermediate-mass (M < 8 solar masses, Ms) stars represent the majority of stars in the Cosmos. They finish their lives on the Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) - just before they form planetary nebulae (PNe) - where they experience complex nucleosynthetic and molecular processes. AGB stars are important contributors to the enrichment of the

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