Role of ISM/IGM Energy Balance in Structure Formation and Evolution of Galaxies

Tabatabaei, F.; Ghasemi-Nodehi, M.; Sargent, M.; Murphy, E. J.; Schinnerer, E.; Bonaldi, A.; SKA ISM/IGM Focus Group
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Early Disk-Galaxy Formation from JWST to the Milky Way

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Investigating the thermal and non-thermal processes in galaxies is vital to understand their evolution over cosmic time. This can best be studied by combining the radio and optical/near-infrared observations of galaxies. The JWST can resolve the evolution of the thermal processes by mapping ionized gas and dust in distant galaxies. This information combined with the upcoming surveys with the Square Kilometer Array (SKA) will make a major breakthrough in mapping the non-thermal processes and understanding their role in the evolution of galaxies. Our simulations show that SKA surveys will be able to trace the evolution history of spiral galaxies such as M 51 and NGC 6946 back to a redshift of 3 already in its first phase of construction. This study indicates the important role of the non-thermal pressure inserted by cosmic rays and magnetic fields in deriving winds and outflows at cosmic noon as deduced by a flat synchrotron spectrum in star forming galaxies.