Detailed chemical evolution models of the Tucana dSph galaxy

Avila-Vergara, N.; Carigi, L.; Hidalgo, S. L.; Arrieta, A.
Bibliographical reference

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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We use semi-analytical methods to obtain detailed chemical evolution models (CEMs) for the dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxy Tucana. Published star formation rates and the age-metallicity relationship are used to constrain the observables. The results show that Tucana: (i) behaved like a closed box for 75 per cent of its life, (ii) had either a primordial-gas accretion or a metal-rich wind during 15 per cent of its life (between 0.5 and 2.0 Gyr), and (iii) lost 95 per cent of its gas through a well-mixed wind at t ∼ 4.5 Gyr. Specifically, we find two CEMs: the metal-dilution model and the metal-loss model, which differ mainly during the range 0.5-2.0 Gyr. In order to discriminate between these CEMs, we compare the predicted [Xi/Fe]-[Fe/H] trends, which differ less than the average error of the observed trends for other dSphs of the Local Group. Furthermore, the models predict very different metallicity distribution functions. Therefore, an observational metallicity distribution function for Tucana is essential in order to discriminate between the metal-dilution and the metal-loss scenarios. In addition, because the difference of [Xi/Fe] between the two models is less than the average of the errors observed for others dSph and ultra-faint dwarf galaxies of the Local Group, greater precision is required in future observations, so that the errors are less than the difference between the models, thus enabling discrimination between them.