Pyroclastic Blowout: Dust Survival in Isolated versus Clustered Supernovae

Martínez-González, S.; Wünsch, Richard; Palouš, Jan; Muñoz-Tuñón, C.; Silich, Sergiy; Tenorio-Tagle, Guillermo
Bibliographical reference

The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 866, Issue 1, article id. 40, 13 pp. (2018).

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Following the current debate on the fate of SN-condensed dust grains, here we explore by means of three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations the interaction of dusty supernova remnants (SNRs) with the shocked winds of neighboring massive stars within young massive stellar clusters (SSCs). As a comparison, we have also explored the evolution of SNRs in the diffuse ISM with constant density. Since the hydrodynamics of SNRs is intimately related to the properties of their immediate environment, the lifecycle of dust grains in SNRs within SSCs is radically different from that in the diffuse ISM. Moreover, off-centered SNRs evolving in the steep density gradient established due to a star cluster wind experience a blowout phase: shell fragmentation due to protruding Rayleigh–Taylor instabilities and the venting of SN ejecta. Our main finding is that clustered SN explosions will cause a net increase in the amount of dust in the surroundings of young massive stellar clusters. Our analysis considers the multiple dust processing resulting from the passage of the SN reverse shock, including its reflection at the SNR’s center, the injection of shocked stellar winds within the respective remnant’s volume and the effect of secondary forward shocks produced in sequential SN explosions. With our code CINDER, on-the-fly, we have calculated the rates of thermal sputtering and dust-induced radiative cooling from an initial distribution of grain sizes and dust content. Fast-moving elongated dusty SN ejecta resemble mushroom clouds violently ascending in a stratified atmosphere after volcanic super-eruptions, where the pyroclasts carried by the clouds are wind-driven and eventually accumulate into the vast surroundings.
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