Tatsumi, Eri; Sakatani, Naoya; Riu, Lucie; Matsuoka, Moe; Honda, Rie; Morota, Tomokatsu; Kameda, Shingo; Nakamura, Tomoki; Zolensky, Michael; Brunetto, Rosario; Hiroi, Takahiro; Sasaki, Sho; Watanabe, Sei'ichiro; Tanaka, Satoshi; Takita, Jun; Pilorget, Cédric; de León, Julia; Popescu, Marcel; Rizos, Juan Luis; Licandro, Javier; Palomba, Ernesto; Domingue, Deborah; Vilas, Faith; Campins, Humberto; Cho, Yuichiro; Yoshioka, Kazuo; Sawada, Hirotaka; Yokota, Yasuhiro; Hayakawa, Masahiko; Yamada, Manabu; Kouyama, Toru; Suzuki, Hidehiko; Honda, Chikatoshi; Ogawa, Kazunori; Kitazato, Kohei; Hirata, Naru; Hirata, Naoyuki; Tsuda, Yuichi; Yoshikawa, Makoto; Saiki, Takanao; Terui, Fuyuto; Nakazawa, Satoru; Takei, Yuto; Takeuchi, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Yukio; Okada, Tatsuaki; Shimaki, Yuri; Shirai, Kei; Sugita, Seiji
Ryugu is a carbonaceous rubble-pile asteroid visited by the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. Small rubble pile asteroids record the thermal evolution of their much larger parent bodies. However, recent space weathering and/or solar heating create ambiguities between the uppermost layer observable by remote-sensing and the pristine material from the parent body. Hayabusa2 remote-sensing observations find that on the asteroid (162173) Ryugu both north and south pole regions preserve the material least processed by space weathering, which is spectrally blue carbonaceous chondritic material with a 0-3% deep 0.7-µm band absorption, indicative of Fe-bearing phyllosilicates. Here we report that spectrally blue Ryugu's parent body experienced intensive aqueous alteration and subsequent thermal metamorphism at 570-670 K (300-400 °C), suggesting that Ryugu's parent body was heated by radioactive decay of short-lived radionuclides possibly because of its early formation 2-2.5 Ma. The samples being brought to Earth by Hayabusa2 will give us our first insights into this epoch in solar system history.
Minor Bodies of the Solar System
This project studies the physical and compositional properties of the so-called minor bodies of the Solar System, that includes asteroids, icy objects, and comets. Of special interest are the trans-neptunian objects (TNOs), including those considered the most distant objects detected so far (Extreme-TNOs or ETNOs); the comets and the comet-asteroid