Discovery of Two Pulsating Extremely Low-mass Pre-white Dwarf Candidates in the TESS Eclipsing Binaries

Wang, Kun; Zhang, Xiaobin; Dai, Min
Bibliographical reference

The Astrophysical Journal

Advertised on:
Number of authors
IAC number of authors
Refereed citations
We report the discovery of two new pulsating extremely low-mass pre-white dwarf (pre-ELMV) candidates in the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) eclipsing binaries, TIC 149160359 and TIC 416264037. Their light curves show a typical feature of EL CVn-type binaries. The light-curve modeling indicates that they are both detached systems with very low-mass ratios (q ≃ 0.1). Based on the photometric solutions, the masses and radii of the two main-sequence primary components are estimated, and those of the secondaries are deduced. The results show that the less-massive components of the two binaries are both probably thermally bloated, pre-ELMVs. Apart from the eclipsing light changes, short-period light variations are clearly shown in their residual light curves. We have made the Fourier analysis of their light-curve residuals with the Period04 program. TIC 149160359 was found to pulsate in 21 independent frequencies, 17 of which are between 21 and 35 day−1 and the others are between 63 and 77 day−1. The Fourier amplitude spectrum of TIC 416264037 also shows two frequency concentration ranges. Out of nine independent frequencies, seven reside within the low-frequency range of 12.5─19.9 day−1. Two pulsating signals, f 4 = 122.2698 day−1 and f 10 = 112.3603 day−1, were detected in the high-frequency region. These low-frequency signals that are detected on TIC 149160359 and TIC 416264037 are probably due to the intrinsic pulsations of their δ Sct-type primary components. However, the high-frequency signals are likely to come from the pulsations of the pre-ELM WD components. This brings the number of pre-ELMV candidates to 12.