Astronomy and Astrophysics
Aims: We used high-precision spectropolarimetric data for the quiet Sun at 1.56 μm observed with GRIS on the GREGOR along with the SIR inversion code in order to obtain accurate atomic parameters for 15 spectral lines in this spectral range.
Methods: We used inversion techniques to infer both solar atmospheric models and the atomic parameters of spectral lines which, under the local thermodynamic equilibrium approximation, reproduce spectropolarimetric observations.
Results: We present accurate atomic parameters for 15 spectral lines within the spectral range from 15 644 to 15 674 Å. This spectral range is commonly used in solar studies because it enables the study of the low photosphere. Moreover, the infrared spectral lines are better tracers of the magnetic fields than the optical ones.
Magnetic fields are at the base of star formation and stellar structure and evolution. When stars are born, magnetic fields brake the rotation during the collapse of the mollecular cloud. In the end of the life of a star, magnetic fields can play a key role in the form of the strong winds that lead to the last stages of stellar evolution. During