Small Telescope Exoplanet Transit Surveys: XO

Crouzet, N.
Bibliographical reference

Handbook of Exoplanets, ISBN 978-3-319-55332-0. Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature, 2018, id.129

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The XO project aims at detecting transiting exoplanets around bright stars from the ground using small telescopes. The original configuration of XO (McCullough et al. 2005) has been changed and extended as described here. The instrumental setup consists of three identical units located at different sites, each composed of two lenses equipped with CCD cameras mounted on the same mount. We observed two strips of the sky covering an area of 520∘2 for twice nine months. We build lightcurves for ˜20,000 stars up to magnitude R ≈ 12.5 using a custom-made photometric data reduction pipeline. The photometric precision is around 1-2% for most stars, and the large quantity of data allows us to reach a millimagnitude precision when folding the lightcurves on timescales that are relevant to exoplanetary transits. We search for periodic signals and identify several hundreds of variable stars and a few tens of transiting planet candidates. Follow-up observations are underway to confirm or reject these candidates. We found two close-in gas giant planets so far, in line with the expected yield.
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