Fukui, Akihiko; Kimura, Tadahiro; Hirano, Teruyuki; Narita, Norio; Kodama, Takanori; Hori, Yasunori; Ikoma, Masahiro; Pallé, Enric; Murgas, Felipe; Parviainen, Hannu; Kawauchi, Kiyoe; Mori, Mayuko; Esparza-Borges, Emma; Bieryla, Allyson; Irwin, Jonathan; Safonov, Boris S.; Stassun, Keivan G.; Alvarez-Hernandez, Leticia; Béjar, Víctor J. S.; Casasayas-Barris, Núria; Chen, Guo; Crouzet, Nicolas; de Leon, Jerome P.; Isogai, Keisuke; Kagetani, Taiki; Klagyivik, Peter; Korth, Judith; Kurita, Seiya; Kusakabe, Nobuhiko; Livingston, John; Luque, Rafael; Madrigal-Aguado, Alberto; Morello, Giuseppe; Nishiumi, Taku; Orell-Miquel, Jaume; Oshagh, Mahmoudreza; Sánchez-Benavente, Manuel; Stangret, Monika; Terada, Yuka; Watanabe, Noriharu; Zou, Yujie; Tamura, Motohide; Kurokawa, Takashi; Kuzuhara, Masayuki; Nishikawa, Jun; Omiya, Masashi; Vievard, Sébastien; Ueda, Akitoshi; Latham, David W.; Quinn, Samuel N.; Strakhov, Ivan S.; Belinski, Alexandr A.; Jenkins, Jon M.; Ricker, George R.; Seager, Sara; Vanderspek, Roland; Winn, Joshua N.; Charbonneau, David; Ciardi, David R.; Collins, Karen A.; Doty, John P.; Bachelet, Etienne; Harbeck, Daniel
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
We report the discovery of TOI-2285b, a sub-Neptune-sized planet transiting a nearby (42 pc) M dwarf with a period of 27.3 d. We identified the transit signal from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite photometric data, which we confirmed with ground-based photometric observations using the multiband imagers MuSCAT2 and MuSCAT3. Combining these data with other follow-up observations including high-resolution spectroscopy with the Tillinghast Reflector Echelle Spectrograph, high-resolution imaging with the SPeckle Polarimeter, and radial velocity (RV) measurements with the InfraRed Doppler instrument, we find that the planet has a radius of $1.74 \pm 0.08\, R_\oplus$, a mass of $\lt \!\!19.5\,M_\oplus$ ($95\%$ c.l.), and an insolation flux of 1.54 ± 0.14 times that of the Earth. Although the planet resides just outside the habitable zone for a rocky planet, if the planet harbors an H2O layer under a hydrogen-rich atmosphere, then liquid water could exist on the surface of the H2O layer depending on the planetary mass and water mass fraction. The bright host star in the near-infrared (Ks = 9.0) makes this planet an excellent target for further RV and atmospheric observations to improve our understanding of the composition, formation, and habitability of sub-Neptune-sized planets.
Very Low Mass Stars, Brown Dwarfs and Planets
Our goal is to study the processes that lead to the formation of low mass stars, brown dwarfs and planets and to characterize the physical properties of these objects in various evolutionary stages. Low mass stars and brown dwarfs are likely the most numerous type of objects in our Galaxy but due to their low intrinsic luminosity they are not so
Exoplanets and Astrobiology
The search for life in the universe has been driven by recent discoveries of planets around other stars (known as exoplanets), becoming one of the most active fields in modern astrophysics. The growing number of new exoplanets discovered in recent years and the recent advance on the study of their atmospheres are not only providing new valuable