Deep spectroscopy in nearby galaxy clusters - V. The Perseus cluster

Aguerri, J. A. L.; Girardi, M.; Agulli, I.; Negri, A.; Dalla Vecchia, C.; Domínguez Palmero, L.
Bibliographical reference

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Advertised on:
Dwarfs are the largest population of galaxies in number in the nearby Universe. Deep spectroscopic data are still missing to obtain a better understanding of their formation and evolution processes. This study shows the results obtained from a spectroscopic campaign in the Perseus cluster. We have obtained 963 new galaxy spectra. We have measured the recessional velocity of the galaxies by using a cross-correlation technique. These data have been used to obtain the cluster membership, the dynamics of the galaxies, and the spectroscopic luminosity function (LF) of the cluster. The cluster membership was obtained by using the peak + gap technique, reporting a total of 403 galaxies as cluster members within 1.4r200. The mean velocity and velocity dispersion of the cluster galaxies are Vc = 5258 km s−1 and σc = 1040 km s−1, respectively. We obtained M200 = 1.2 × 1015 M☉ and r200 = 2.2 Mpc for this cluster. The clusters members were classified blue and red according to their g − r stellar colour. The velocity dispersion of these two families of galaxies is different, indicating that the blue galaxies can be classified as recently accreted into the cluster. We present the spectroscopic galaxy LF of the cluster. This function turned to be flat: α = 0.99 ± 0.06. In addition, blue and red galaxies show similar densities in the faint end of the LF. This indicates that Perseus does not have a population of red dwarf galaxias as large as other nearby clusters. We have compared the LF of the Perseus cluster with other spectroscopic LFs of nearby clusters and those from cosmological simulations. This comparison shows that the spectroscopic LF of nearby galaxy cluster is far from universal.
Related projects
Project Image
Numerical Astrophysics: Galaxy Formation and Evolution

How galaxies formed and evolved through cosmic time is one of the key questions of modern astronomy and astrophysics. Cosmological time- and length-scales are so large that the evolution of individual galaxies cannot be directly observed. Only through numerical simulations can one follow the emergence of cosmic structures within the current

Dalla Vecchia
Abell 370 is located approximately 4 billion light-years away in the constellation Cetus, the Sea Monster
Galaxy Evolution in Clusters of Galaxies

Galaxies in the universe can be located in different environments, some of them are isolated or in low density regions and they are usually called field galaxies. The others can be located in galaxy associations, going from loose groups to clusters or even superclusters of galaxies. One of the foremost challenges of the modern Astrophysics is to

Méndez Abreu