The JCMT BISTRO-2 Survey: Magnetic Fields of the Massive DR21 Filament

Ching, Tao-Chung; Qiu, Keping; Li, Di; Ren, Zhiyuan; Lai, Shih-Ping; Berry, David; Pattle, Kate; Furuya, Ray; Ward-Thompson, Derek; Johnstone, Doug; Koch, Patrick M.; Lee, Chang Won; Hoang, Thiem; Hasegawa, Tetsuo; Kwon, Woojin; Bastien, Pierre; Eswaraiah, Chakali; Wang, Jia-Wei; Kim, Kyoung Hee; Hwang, Jihye; Soam, Archana; Lyo, A. -Ran; Liu, Junhao; Le Gouellec, Valentin J. M.; Arzoumanian, Doris; Whitworth, Anthony; Di Francesco, James; Poidevin, Frédérick; Liu, Tie; Coudé, Simon; Tahani, Mehrnoosh; Liu, Hong-Li; Onaka, Takashi; Li, Dalei; Tamura, Motohide; Chen, Zhiwei; Tang, Xindi; Kirchschlager, Florian; Bourke, Tyler L.; Byun, Do-Young; Chen, Mike; Chen, Huei-Ru Vivien; Chen, Wen Ping; Cho, Jungyeon; Choi, Yunhee; Choi, Youngwoo; Choi, Minho; Chrysostomou, Antonio; Chung, Eun Jung; Dai, Y. Sophia; Diep, Pham Ngoc; Doi, Yasuo; Duan, Yan; Duan, Hao-Yuan; Eden, David; Fanciullo, Lapo; Fiege, Jason; Fissel, Laura M.; Franzmann, Erica; Friberg, Per; Friesen, Rachel; Fuller, Gary; Gledhill, Tim; Graves, Sarah; Greaves, Jane; Griffin, Matt; Gu, Qilao; Han, Ilseung; Hayashi, Saeko; Houde, Martin; Hull, Charles L. H.; Inoue, Tsuyoshi; Inutsuka, Shu-ichiro; Iwasaki, Kazunari; Jeong, Il-Gyo; Könyves, Vera; Kang, Ji-hyun; Kang, Miju; Karoly, Janik; Kataoka, Akimasa; Kawabata, Koji; Kemper, Francisca; Kim, Jongsoo; Kim, Mi-Ryang; Kim, Shinyoung; Kim, Hyosung; Kim, Kee-Tae; Kim, Gwanjeong; Kirk, Jason; Kobayashi, Masato I. N.; Kusune, Takayoshi; Kwon, Jungmi; Lacaille, Kevin; Law, Chi-Yan; Lee, Sang-Sung; Lee, Hyeseung; Lee, Jeong-Eun; Lee, Chin-Fei; Lee, Yong-Hee; Li, Guangxing et al.
Bibliographical reference

The Astrophysical Journal

Advertised on:
Number of authors
IAC number of authors
Refereed citations
We present 850 μm dust polarization observations of the massive DR21 filament from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the POL-2 polarimeter and the SCUBA-2 camera on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. We detect ordered magnetic fields perpendicular to the parsec-scale ridge of the DR21 main filament. In the subfilaments, the magnetic fields are mainly parallel to the filamentary structures and smoothly connect to the magnetic fields of the main filament. We compare the POL-2 and Planck dust polarization observations to study the magnetic field structures of the DR21 filament on 0.1-10 pc scales. The magnetic fields revealed in the Planck data are well-aligned with those of the POL-2 data, indicating a smooth variation of magnetic fields from large to small scales. The plane-of-sky magnetic field strengths derived from angular dispersion functions of dust polarization are 0.6-1.0 mG in the DR21 filament and ~0.1 mG in the surrounding ambient gas. The mass-to-flux ratios are found to be magnetically supercritical in the filament and slightly subcritical to nearly critical in the ambient gas. The alignment between column density structures and magnetic fields changes from random alignment in the low-density ambient gas probed by Planck to mostly perpendicular in the high-density main filament probed by James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The magnetic field structures of the DR21 filament are in agreement with MHD simulations of a strongly magnetized medium, suggesting that magnetic fields play an important role in shaping the DR21 main filament and subfilaments.
Related projects
Project Image
Formation and Evolution of Galaxies: Observations in Infrared and other Wavelengths
This IAC research group carries out several extragalactic projects in different spectral ranges, using space as well as ground-based telescopes, to study the cosmological evolution of galaxies and the origin of nuclear activity in active galaxies. The group is a member of the international consortium which built the SPIRE instrument for the
Pérez Fournon