A PCA approach to stellar effective temperatures

Muñoz Bermejo, J.; Asensio-Ramos, A.; Allende-Prieto, C.
Bibliographical reference

Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 553, id.A95, 9 pp.

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Context. The derivation of the effective temperature of a star is a critical first step in a detailed spectroscopic analysis. Spectroscopic methods suffer from systematic errors related to model simplifications. Photometric methods may be more robust, but are exposed to the distortions caused by interstellar reddening. Direct methods are difficult to apply, since fundamental data of high accuracy are hard to obtain. Aims: We explore a new approach in which the spectrum is used to characterize a star's effective temperature based on a calibration established by a small set of standard stars. Methods: We perform principal component analysis on homogeneous libraries of stellar spectra, then calibrate a relationship between the principal components and the effective temperature using a set of stars with reliable effective temperatures. Results: We find that our procedure gives excellent consistency when spectra from a homogenous set of observations are used. Systematic offsets may appear when combining observations from different sources. Using as reference the spectra of stars with high-quality spectroscopic temperatures in the Elodie library, we define a temperature scale for FG-type disk dwarfs with an internal consistency of about 50 K, in excellent agreement with temperatures from direct determinations and widely used scales based on the infrared flux method. Tables 2, 4, 5, and reduced spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/553/A95
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