Turtelboom, Emma V.; Weiss, Lauren M.; Dressing, Courtney D.; Nowak, Grzegorz; Pallé, Enric; Beard, Corey; Blunt, Sarah; Brinkman, Casey; Chontos, Ashley; Claytor, Zachary R.; Dai, Fei; Dalba, Paul A.; Giacalone, Steven; Gonzales, Erica; Harada, Caleb K.; Hill, Michelle L.; Holcomb, Rae; Korth, Judith; Lubin, Jack; Masseron, Thomas; MacDougall, Mason; Mayo, Andrew W.; Močnik, Teo; Akana Murphy, Joseph M.; Polanski, Alex S.; Rice, Malena; Rubenzahl, Ryan A.; Scarsdale, Nicholas; Stassun, Keivan G.; Tyler, Dakotah B.; Zandt, Judah Van; Crossfield, Ian J. M.; Deeg, Hans J.; Fulton, Benjamin; Gandolfi, Davide; Howard, Andrew W.; Huber, Dan; Isaacson, Howard; Kane, Stephen R.; Lam, Kristine W. F.; Luque, Rafael; Martín, Eduardo L.; Morello, Giuseppe; Orell-Miquel, Jaume; Petigura, Erik A.; Robertson, Paul; Roy, Arpita; Van Eylen, Vincent; Baker, David; Belinski, Alexander A.; Bieryla, Allyson; Ciardi, David R.; Collins, Karen A.; Cutting, Neil; Della-Rose, Devin J.; Ellingsen, Taylor B.; Furlan, E.; Gan, Tianjun; Gnilka, Crystal L.; Guerra, Pere; Howell, Steve B.; Jimenez, Mary; Latham, David W.; Larivière, Maude; Lester, Kathryn V.; Lillo-Box, Jorge; Luker, Lindy; Mann, Christopher R.; Plavchan, Peter P.; Safonov, Boris; Skinner, Brett; Strakhov, Ivan A.; Wittrock, Justin M.; Caldwell, Douglas A.; Essack, Zahra; Jenkins, Jon M.; Quintana, Elisa V.; Ricker, George R.; Vanderspek, Roland; Seager, S.; Winn, Joshua N.
Multiplanet systems are valuable arenas for investigating exoplanet architectures and comparing planetary siblings. TOI-1246 is one such system, with a moderately bright K dwarf (V = 11.6, K = 9.9) and four transiting sub-Neptunes identified by TESS with orbital periods of 4.31, 5.90, 18.66, and 37.92 days. We collected 130 radial velocity observations with Keck/HIRES and TNG/HARPS-N to measure planet masses. We refit the 14 sectors of TESS photometry to refine planet radii (2.97 ± 0.06 R ⊕, 2.47 ± 0.08 R ⊕, 3.46 ± 0.09 R ⊕, and 3.72 ± 0.16 R ⊕) and confirm the four planets. We find that TOI-1246 e is substantially more massive than the three inner planets (8.1 ± 1.1 M ⊕, 8.8 ± 1.2 M ⊕, 5.3 ± 1.7 M ⊕, and 14.8 ± 2.3 M ⊕). The two outer planets, TOI-1246 d and TOI-1246 e, lie near to the 2:1 resonance (P e/P d = 2.03) and exhibit transit-timing variations. TOI-1246 is one of the brightest four-planet systems, making it amenable for continued observations. It is one of only five systems with measured masses and radii for all four transiting planets. The planet densities range from 0.70 ± 0.24 to 3.21 ± 0.44 g cm-3, implying a range of bulk and atmospheric compositions. We also report a fifth planet candidate found in the RV data with a minimum mass of 25.6 ± 3.6 M ⊕. This planet candidate is exterior to TOI-1246 e, with a candidate period of 93.8 days, and we discuss the implications if it is confirmed to be planetary in nature.
Nucleosynthesis and molecular processes in the late stages of Stellar Evolution
Low- to intermediate-mass (M < 8 solar masses, Ms) stars represent the majority of stars in the Cosmos. They finish their lives on the Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) - just before they form planetary nebulae (PNe) - where they experience complex nucleosynthetic and molecular processes. AGB stars are important contributors to the enrichment of the
Helio and Astero-Seismology and Exoplanets Search
The principal objectives of this project are: 1) to study the structure and dynamics of the solar interior, 2) to extend this study to other stars, 3) to search for extrasolar planets using photometric methods (primarily by transits of their host stars) and their characterization (using radial velocity information) and 4) the study of the planetary
Exoplanets and Astrobiology
The search for life in the universe has been driven by recent discoveries of planets around other stars (known as exoplanets), becoming one of the most active fields in modern astrophysics. The growing number of new exoplanets discovered in recent years and the recent advance on the study of their atmospheres are not only providing new valuable