The young HD 73583 (TOI-560) planetary system: two 10-M<SUB>⊕</SUB> mini-Neptunes transiting a 500-Myr-old, bright, and active K dwarf

Barragán, O.; Armstrong, D. J.; Gandolfi, D.; Carleo, I.; Vidotto, A. A.; Villarreal D'Angelo, C.; Oklopčić, A.; Isaacson, H.; Oddo, D.; Collins, K.; Fridlund, M.; Sousa, S. G.; Persson, C. M.; Hellier, C.; Howell, S.; Howard, A.; Redfield, S.; Eisner, N.; Georgieva, I. Y.; Dragomir, D.; Bayliss, D.; Nielsen, L. D.; Klein, B.; Aigrain, S.; Zhang, M.; Teske, J.; Twicken, J. D.; Jenkins, J.; Esposito, M.; Van Eylen, V.; Rodler, F.; Adibekyan, V.; Alarcon, J.; Anderson, D. R.; Akana Murphy, J. M.; Barrado, D.; Barros, S. C. C.; Benneke, B.; Bouchy, F.; Bryant, E. M.; Butler, R. P.; Burt, J.; Cabrera, J.; Casewell, S.; Chaturvedi, P.; Cloutier, R.; Cochran, W. D.; Crane, J.; Crossfield, I.; Crouzet, N.; Collins, K. I.; Dai, F.; Deeg, H. J.; Deline, A.; Demangeon, O. D. S.; Dumusque, X.; Figueira, P.; Furlan, E.; Gnilka, C.; Goad, M. R.; Goffo, E.; Gutiérrez-Canales, F.; Hadjigeorghiou, A.; Hartman, Z.; Hatzes, A. P.; Harris, M.; Henderson, B.; Hirano, T.; Hojjatpanah, S.; Hoyer, S.; Kabáth, P.; Korth, J.; Lillo-Box, J.; Luque, R.; Marmier, M.; Močnik, T.; Muresan, A.; Murgas, F.; Nagel, E.; Osborne, H. L. M.; Osborn, A.; Osborn, H. P.; Palle, E.; Raimbault, M.; Ricker, G. R.; Rubenzahl, R. A.; Stockdale, C.; Santos, N. C.; Scott, N.; Schwarz, R. P.; Shectman, S.; Raimbault, M.; Seager, S.; Ségransan, D.; Serrano, L. M.; Skarka, M.; Smith, A. M. S.; Šubjak, J.; Tan, T. G.; Udry, S. et al.
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Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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We present the discovery and characterization of two transiting planets observed by TESS in the light curves of the young and bright (V = 9.67) star HD73583 (TOI-560). We perform an intensive spectroscopic and photometric space- and ground-based follow-up in order to confirm and characterize the system. We found that HD73583 is a young (~500 Myr) active star with a rotational period of 12.08 ± 0.11 d, and a mass and radius of 0.73 ± 0.02 M⊙ and 0.65 ± 0.02 R⊙, respectively. HD 73583 b (Pb = $6.3980420 _{ - 0.0000062 } ^ { + 0.0000067 }$ d) has a mass and radius of $10.2 _{ - 3.1 } ^ { + 3.4 }$ M⊕ and 2.79 ± 0.10 R⊕, respectively, which gives a density of $2.58 _{ - 0.81 } ^ { + 0.95 }$ ${\rm g\, cm^{-3}}$. HD 73583 c (Pc = $18.87974 _{ - 0.00074 } ^ { + 0.00086 }$ d) has a mass and radius of $9.7 _{ - 1.7 } ^ { + 1.8 }$ M⊕ and $2.39 _{ - 0.09 } ^ { + 0.10 }$ R⊕, respectively, which translates to a density of $3.88 _{ - 0.80 } ^ { + 0.91 }$ ${\rm g\, cm^{-3}}$. Both planets are consistent with worlds made of a solid core surrounded by a volatile envelope. Because of their youth and host star brightness, they both are excellent candidates to perform transmission spectroscopy studies. We expect ongoing atmospheric mass-loss for both planets caused by stellar irradiation. We estimate that the detection of evaporating signatures on H and He would be challenging, but doable with present and future instruments.
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