Particle Astrophysics

Start year
2003
Organizational Unit
    Description

    The MAGIC Collaboration is integrated by 20 research institutes and university departments from Armenia, Bulgaria, Finland, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, Switzerland and USA. The collaboration comprises two 17m diameter telescopes, located at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, designed to measure the Cherenkov radiation associated with atmospheric showers from very high-energy gamma rays.

    CTA is a major international collaboration for building two large Cherenkov observatories at North and South Hemispheres. Roque de los Muchachos Observatory in La Palma has been selected to host the Northern observatory. The first large size telescope was inaugurated in October 2018, and we are presently building the other three.

    Principal investigator
    Project staff
    Collaborators
    Marie Karjalianen
    1. Inauguration of the first large-size telescope of CTA (LST-1) at the Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos
    2. Detection of a neutrino generated in a blazar with MAGIC, IcCube and Fermi-LAT
    3. Discovery of the binary systemPSR J2032+4127/MT91 213 emitting in VHE gamma rays.

    Related publications

    • Periodicities in the Daily Proton Fluxes from 2011 to 2019 Measured by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station from 1 to 100 GV

      We present the precision measurement of the daily proton fluxes in cosmic rays from May 20, 2011 to October 29, 2019 (a total of 2824 days or 114 Bartels rotations) in the rigidity interval from 1 to 100 GV based on 5.5 ×109 protons collected with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer aboard the International Space Station. The proton fluxes exhibit

      Aguilar, M. et al.

      Advertised on:

      12
      2021
    • Observation of the Gamma-Ray Binary HESS J0632+057 with the H.E.S.S., MAGIC, and VERITAS Telescopes

      The results of gamma-ray observations of the binary system HESS J0632 + 057 collected during 450 hr over 15 yr, between 2004 and 2019, are presented. Data taken with the atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes H.E.S.S., MAGIC, and VERITAS at energies above 350 GeV were used together with observations at X-ray energies obtained with Swift-XRT, Chandra, XMM

      Adams, C. B. et al.

      Advertised on:

      12
      2021
    • Search for Very High-energy Emission from the Millisecond Pulsar PSR J0218+4232

      PSR J0218+4232 is one of the most energetic millisecond pulsars known and has long been considered as one of the best candidates for very high-energy (VHE; >100 GeV) γ-ray emission. Using 11.5 yr of Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) data between 100 MeV and 870 GeV, and ~90 hr of Major Atmospheric Gamma Imaging Cherenkov (MAGIC) observations in the

      Acciari, V. A. et al.

      Advertised on:

      12
      2021
    • Investigation of the correlation patterns and the Compton dominance variability of Mrk 421 in 2017

      Aims: We present a detailed characterisation and theoretical interpretation of the broadband emission of the paradigmatic TeV blazar Mrk 421, with a special focus on the multi-band flux correlations. Methods: The dataset has been collected through an extensive multi-wavelength campaign organised between 2016 December and 2017 June. The instruments

      MAGIC Collaboration et al.

      Advertised on:

      11
      2021
    • Catalog of Long-term Transient Sources in the First 10 yr of Fermi-LAT Data

      We present the first Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) catalog of long-term γ-ray transient sources (1FLT). This comprises sources that were detected on monthly time intervals during the first decade of Fermi-LAT operations. The monthly timescale allows us to identify transient and variable sources that were not yet reported in other Fermi-LAT

      Baldini, L. et al.

      Advertised on:

      9
      2021
    • First detection of VHE gamma-ray emission from TXS 1515-273, study of its X-ray variability and spectral energy distribution

      We report here on the first multiwavelength (MWL) campaign on the blazar TXS 1515-273, undertaken in 2019 and extending from radio to very-high-energy gamma-rays (VHE). Up until now, this blazar had not been the subject of any detailed MWL observations. It has a rather hard photon index at GeV energies and was considered a candidate extreme high

      Acciari, V. A. et al.

      Advertised on:

      10
      2021
    • Properties of a New Group of Cosmic Nuclei: Results from the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on Sodium, Aluminum, and Nitrogen

      We report the properties of sodium (Na) and aluminum (Al) cosmic rays in the rigidity range 2.15 GV to 3.0 TV based on 0.46 million sodium and 0.51 million aluminum nuclei collected by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment on the International Space Station. We found that Na and Al, together with nitrogen (N), belong to a distinct cosmic ray

      Aguilar, M. et al.

      Advertised on:

      7
      2021
    • Multiwavelength variability and correlation studies of Mrk 421 during historically low X-ray and γ-ray activity in 2015-2016

      We report a characterization of the multiband flux variability and correlations of the nearby (z = 0.031) blazar Markarian 421 (Mrk 421) using data from Metsähovi, Swift, Fermi-LAT, MAGIC, FACT, and other collaborations and instruments from 2014 November till 2016 June. Mrk 421 did not show any prominent flaring activity, but exhibited periods of

      Ansoldi, S. et al.

      Advertised on:

      6
      2021
    • H.E.S.S. and MAGIC observations of a sudden cessation of a very-high-energy γ-ray flare in PKS 1510‒089 in May 2016

      The flat spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ) PKS 1510‒089 is known for its complex multiwavelength behaviour and it is one of only a few FSRQs detected in very-high-energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) γ rays. The VHE γ-ray observations with H.E.S.S. and MAGIC in late May and early June 2016 resulted in the detection of an unprecedented flare, which revealed, for

      H. E. S. S. Collaboration, et al.

      Advertised on:

      4
      2021
    • VHE gamma-ray detection of FSRQ QSO B1420+326 and modeling of its enhanced broadband state in 2020

      Context. QSO B1420+326 is a blazar classified as a flat-spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ). At the beginning of the year 2020, it was found to be in an enhanced flux state and an extensive multiwavelength campaign allowed us to trace the evolution of the flare. Aims: We search for very high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray emission from QSO B1420+326 during this

      MAGIC Collaboration et al.

      Advertised on:

      3
      2021
    • Properties of Heavy Secondary Fluorine Cosmic Rays: Results from the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

      Precise knowledge of the charge and rigidity dependence of the secondary cosmic ray fluxes and the secondary-to-primary flux ratios is essential in the understanding of cosmic ray propagation. We report the properties of heavy secondary cosmic ray fluorine F in the rigidity R range 2.15 GV to 2.9 TV based on 0.29 million events collected by the

      Aguilar, M. et al.

      Advertised on:

      2
      2021
    • Electron-beam interaction with emission-line clouds in blazars

      Context. An electron-positron beam escaping from the magnetospheric vacuum gap of an accreting black hole interacts with recombination-line photons from surrounding gas clouds. Inverse-Compton scattering and subsequent pair production initiate unsaturated electromagnetic cascades exhibiting a characteristic spectral energy distribution. Aims: By

      Wendel, Christoph et al.

      Advertised on:

      2
      2021
    • The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) on the international space station: Part II - Results from the first seven years

      The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is a precision particle physics detector on the International Space Station (ISS) conducting a unique, long-duration mission of fundamental physics research in space. The physics objectives include the precise studies of the origin of dark matter, antimatter, and cosmic rays as well as the exploration of new

      Aguilar, M. et al.

      Advertised on:

      2
      2021
    • MAGIC Observations of the Nearby Short Gamma-Ray Burst GRB 160821B

      The coincident detection of GW170817 in gravitational waves and electromagnetic radiation spanning the radio to MeV gamma-ray bands provided the first direct evidence that short gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) can originate from binary neutron star (BNS) mergers. On the other hand, the properties of short GRBs in high-energy gamma-rays are still poorly

      Acciari, V. A. et al.

      Advertised on:

      2
      2021
    • Properties of Iron Primary Cosmic Rays: Results from the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

      We report the observation of new properties of primary iron (Fe) cosmic rays in the rigidity range 2.65 GV to 3.0 TV with 0.62 ×106 iron nuclei collected by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment on the International Space Station. Above 80.5 GV the rigidity dependence of the cosmic ray Fe flux is identical to the rigidity dependence of the

      Aguilar, M. et al.

      Advertised on:

      1
      2021
    • A search for optical and near-infrared counterparts of the compact binary merger GW190814

      We report on our observing campaign of the compact binary merger GW190814, detected by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors on 2019 August 14. This signal has the best localization of any observed gravitational wave (GW) source, with a 90 per cent probability area of 18.5 deg2, and an estimated distance of ≍240 Mpc. We obtained wide-field

      Thakur, A. L. et al.

      Advertised on:

      12
      2020
    • Detection of the Geminga pulsar with MAGIC hints at a power-law tail emission beyond 15 GeV

      We report the detection of pulsed gamma-ray emission from the Geminga pulsar (PSR J0633+1746) between 15 GeV and 75 GeV. This is the first time a middle-aged pulsar has been detected up to these energies. Observations were carried out with the MAGIC telescopes between 2017 and 2019 using the low-energy threshold Sum-Trigger-II system. After quality

      MAGIC Collaboration et al.

      Advertised on:

      11
      2020
    • MAGIC observations of the diffuse γ-ray emission in the vicinity of the Galactic center

      Aims: In the presence of a sufficient amount of target material, γ-rays can be used as a tracer in the search for sources of Galactic cosmic rays (CRs). Here we present deep observations of the Galactic center (GC) region with the MAGIC telescopes and use them to infer the underlying CR distribution and to study the alleged PeV proton accelerator

      MAGIC Collaboration et al.

      Advertised on:

      10
      2020
    • HORuS transmission spectroscopy of 55 Cnc e

      The High Optical Resolution Spectrograph (HORuS) is a new high-resolution echelle spectrograph available on the 10.4-m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC). We report on the first HORuS observations of a transit of the super-Earth planet 55 Cnc e. We investigate the presence of Na I and Hα in its transmission spectrum and explore the capabilities of

      Tabernero, H. M. et al.

      Advertised on:

      8
      2020
    • Testing two-component models on very high-energy gamma-ray-emitting BL Lac objects

      Context. It has become evident that one-zone synchrotron self-Compton models are not always adequate for very high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray-emitting blazars. While two-component models perform better, they are difficult to constrain due to the large number of free parameters. Aims: In this work, we make a first attempt at taking into account the

      MAGIC Collaboration et al.

      Advertised on:

      8
      2020

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