HH 223: a parsec-scale H2 outflow in the star-forming region L723

López, R.; Acosta-Pulido, J. A.; Gomez-Velarde, G.; Estalella, R.; Carrasco-González, C.
Referencia bibliográfica

Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 523, id.A16

Fecha de publicación:
Context. The dark cloud Lynds 723 (L723) is a low-mass star-forming region where one of the few known cases of a quadrupolar CO outflow has been reported. Two recent works have found that the radio continuum source VLA 2, towards the centre of the CO outflow, is actually a multiple system of young stellar objects (YSOs). Several line-emission nebulae that lie projected on the east-west CO outflow were detected in narrow-band Hα and [S ii] images. The spectra of the knots are characteristic of shock-excited gas (Herbig-Haro spectra), with supersonic blueshifted velocities, which suggests an optical outflow also powered by the VLA 2 YSO system of L723. Aims: Our aim is to study L723 in the near-infrared and look for line-emission nebulae associated with the optical and CO outflows. Methods: We imaged a field of ~5' × 5' centred on HH 223, which includes the whole region of the quadrupolar CO outflow with narrow-band filters centred on the [Fe ii] 1.644 μm and H2 2.122 μm lines, together with off-line Hc and Kc filters. The [Fe ii] and H2 line-emission structures were identified after extracting the continuum contribution, if any. Their positions were determined from an accurate astrometry of the images. Results: The H2 line-emission structures appear distributed over a region of 5.5 arcmin (~0.5 pc for a distance of 300 pc) at both sides of the VLA 2 YSO system, with an S-shape morphology, and are projected onto the east-west CO outflow. Most of them were resolved in smaller knotty substructures. The [Fe ii] emission only appears associated with HH 223. An additional nebular emission from the continuum in Hc and Kc appears associated with HH 223-K1, the structure closest to the VLA 2 YSO system, and could be tracing the cavity walls. Conclusions: We propose that the H2 structures form part of a large-scale near-infrared outflow, which is also associated with the VLA 2 YSO system. The current data do not allow us to discern which of the YSOs of VLA 2 is powering this large scale optical/near-infrared outflow. Based on observations made with LIRIS at the 4.2 m Williams Herschel Telescope operated at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.Fits files of Table 1 are available at CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/523/A16
Proyectos relacionados
Representación de la variable cataclísmica SS Cygni (Chris Moran)
Estrellas Binarias

El estudio de las estrellas binarias es una parte esencial de la astrofísica estelar. Una gran parte de las estrellas de nuestra Galaxia y de otras galaxias se ha formado en sistemas binarios o múltiples, por lo que entender la estructura y evolución de estos sistemas es importante desde el punto de vista estelar y galáctico. Un aspecto en el que

Rodríguez Gil
Physical properties and evolution of massive stars
Propiedades Físicas y Evolución de Estrellas Masivas

Las estrellas masivas son objetos claves para la Astrofísica. Estas estrellas nacen con más de 8 masas solares, lo que las condena a morir como Supernovas. Durante su rápida evolución liberan, a través de fuertes vientos estelares, gran cantidad de material procesado en su núcleo y, en determinadas fases evolutivas, emiten gran cantidad de

Simón Díaz