Astronomy in Roman urbanism: a statistical analysis of the orientation of Roman towns in the Iberian Peninsula

Rodríguez Antón, A.; González García, A. C.; Belmonte J. A
Referencia bibliográfica

JOURNAL FOR THE HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY 49 (2018) 363-87

Fecha de publicación:
9
2018
Descripción
The work presented in this article is part of a wide-ranging and ambitious project, started few years ago, to study the role of astronomy in Roman urban layout. In particular, the main aim is to check whether Roman cities present astronomical patterns in their orientations. The project emerged from ideas on how to properly orientate the main streets of a Roman town, as attested in a number of ancient texts and later discussions led by contemporary scholars. We present here the final conclusions of a particular study developed in the Iberian Peninsula (Roman Hispania), where the urbanism that we tend to characterize as properly Roman flourished during both the Republic and the Empire. The sample analysed includes 81 measurements of Roman urban entities spread throughout the Iberian Peninsula and is the largest dataset obtained in a specific region so far. Our results present suggestive orientation patterns that seem to point towards an astronomical intentionality.
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Arqueoastronomía

Este Proyecto tiene como objetivo fundamental determinar la importancia de la astronomía como parte integrante de la cultura y de la civilización desde el Paleolítico a nuestros días. El interés del grupo se centra, en especial, en los pueblos del antiguo ámbito Mediterráneo desde el Atlántico al Oriente Medio, con una dedicación especial a España

Juan Antonio
Belmonte Avilés