Metallicities in M dwarfs: Investigating different determination techniques

Passegger, V. M.; Bello-García, A.; Ordieres-Meré, J.; Antoniadis-Karnavas, A.; Marfil, E.; Duque-Arribas, C.; Amado, P. J.; Delgado-Mena, E.; Montes, D.; Rojas-Ayala, B.; Schweitzer, A.; Tabernero, H. M.; Béjar, V. J. S.; Caballero, J. A.; Hatzes, A. P.; Henning, Th.; Pedraz, S.; Quirrenbach, A.; Reiners, A.; Ribas, I.
Referencia bibliográfica

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Fecha de publicación:
2
2022
Número de autores
20
Número de autores del IAC
1
Número de citas
20
Número de citas referidas
18
Descripción
Deriving metallicities for solar-like stars follows well-established methods, but for cooler stars such as M dwarfs, the determination is much more complicated due to forests of molecular lines that are present. Several methods have been developed in recent years to determine accurate stellar parameters for these cool stars (Teff ≲ 4000 K). However, significant differences can be found at times when comparing metallicities for the same star derived using different methods. In this work, we determine the effective temperatures, surface gravities, and metallicities of 18 well-studied M dwarfs observed with the CARMENES high-resolution spectrograph following different approaches, including synthetic spectral fitting, analysis of pseudo-equivalent widths, and machine learning. We analyzed the discrepancies in the derived stellar parameters, including metallicity, in several analysis runs. Our goal is to minimize these discrepancies and find stellar parameters that are more consistent with the literature values. We attempted to achieve this consistency by standardizing the most commonly used components, such as wavelength ranges, synthetic model spectra, continuum normalization methods, and stellar parameters. We conclude that although such modifications work quite well for hotter main-sequence stars, they do not improve the consistency in stellar parameters for M dwarfs, leading to mean deviations of around 50-200 K in temperature and 0.1-0.3 dex in metallicity. In particular, M dwarfs are much more complex and a standardization of the aforementioned components cannot be considered as a straightforward recipe for bringing consistency to the derived parameters. Further in-depth investigations of the employed methods would be necessary in order to identify and correct for the discrepancies that remain.

Full Tables C.1 and C.2 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/658/A194
Proyectos relacionados
Descubrimiento de un sistema de supertierras orbitando la estrella HD 176986 con aproximadamente 5.7 and 9.2 masas de la Tierra
Estrellas de Baja Masa, Enanas Marrones y Planetas

Se investigan los procesos que conducen a la formación de estrellas de baja masa, enanas marrones y exoplanetas y caracterizar las propiedades físicas de estos astros en varias etapas evolutivas. Las estrellas de muy baja masa y las enanas marrones son probablemente los objetos más numerosos de nuestra Galaxia, pero no por ello están

Rafael
Rebolo López
Image withthe projects' name
Exoplanetas y Astrobiología

La búsqueda de vida en el Universo se ha visto impulsada por los recientes descubrimientos de planetas alrededor de otras estrellas (los llamados exoplanetas), convirtiéndose en uno de los campos más activos dentro de la Astrofísica moderna. En los últimos años los descubrimientos cada vez más numerosos de nuevos exoplanetas y los últimos avances

Enric
Pallé Bago