A Multiwavelength Look at the GJ 9827 System: No Evidence of Extended Atmospheres in GJ 9827b and d from HST and CARMENES Data

Carleo, Ilaria; Youngblood, Allison; Redfield, Seth; Casasayas Barris, Nuria; Ayres, Thomas R.; Vannier, Hunter; Fossati, Luca; Palle, Enric; Livingston, John H.; Lanza, Antonino F.; Niraula, Prajwal; Alvarado-Gómez, Julián D.; Chen, Guo; Gandolfi, Davide; Guenther, Eike W.; Linsky, Jeffrey L.; Nagel, Evangelos; Narita, Norio; Nortmann, Lisa; Shkolnik, Evgenya L.; Stangret, Monika
Referencia bibliográfica

The Astronomical Journal

Fecha de publicación:
Número de autores
Número de autores del IAC
Número de citas
Número de citas referidas
GJ 9827 is a bright star hosting a planetary system with three transiting planets. As a multiplanet system with planets that sprawl within the boundaries of the radius gap between terrestrial and gaseous planets, GJ 9827 is an optimal target to study the evolution of the atmospheres of close-in planets with a common evolutionary history and their dependence from stellar irradiation. Here we report on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and CARMENES transit observations of GJ 9827 planets b and d. We performed a stellar and ISM characterization from the ultraviolet HST spectra, obtaining fluxes for Lyα and Mg II of F(Lyα) = (5.42 ${}_{-0.75}^{+0.96}$ ) × 10-13 erg cm-2 s-1 and F(MgII) = (5.64 ± 0.24) × 10-14 erg cm-2 s-1. We also investigated a possible absorption signature in Lyα in the atmosphere of GJ 9827b during a transit event from HST spectra, as well as Hα and He I signature for the atmosphere of GJ 9827b and d from CARMENES spectra. We found no evidence of an extended atmosphere in either of the planets. This result is also supported by our analytical estimations of mass loss based on the measured radiation fields for all three planets of this system, which led to a mass-loss rate of 0.4, 0.3, and 0.1 planetary masses per Gyr for GJ 9827b, c, and d, respectively. These values indicate that the planets could have lost their volatiles quickly in their evolution and probably do not retain an atmosphere at the current stage.
Proyectos relacionados
Image withthe projects' name
Exoplanetas y Astrobiología
La búsqueda de vida en el Universo se ha visto impulsada por los recientes descubrimientos de planetas alrededor de otras estrellas (los llamados exoplanetas), convirtiéndose en uno de los campos más activos dentro de la Astrofísica moderna. En los últimos años los descubrimientos cada vez más numerosos de nuevos exoplanetas y los últimos avances
Pallé Bago