High-resolution spectroscopy of Boyajian's star during optical dimming events

Martínez González, M. J.; González-Fernández, C.; Asensio Ramos, A.; Socas-Navarro, H.; Westendorp Plaza, C.; Boyajian, T. S.; Wright, J. T.; Collier Cameron, A.; González Hernández, J. I.; Holgado, G.; Kennedy, G. M.; Masseron, T.; Molinari, E.; Saario, J.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Toledo-Padrón, B.
Bibliographical reference

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 486, Issue 1, p.236-244

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Boyajian's star is an apparently normal main-sequence F-type star with a very unusual light curve. The dipping activity of the star, discovered during the Kepler mission, presents deep, asymmetric, and aperiodic events. Here we present high-resolution spectroscopic follow-up during some dimming events recorded post-Kepler observations, from ground-based telescopes. We analyse data from the HERMES, HARPS-N, and FIES spectrographs to characterize the stellar atmosphere and to put some constraints on the hypotheses that have appeared in the literature concerning the occulting elements. The star's magnetism, if existing, is not extreme. The spots on the surface, if present, would occupy 0.02 per cent of the area, at most. The chromosphere, irrespective of the epoch of observation, is hotter than the values expected from radiative equilibrium, meaning that the star has some degree of activity. We find no clear evidence of the interstellar medium or exocoments being responsible for the dimmings of the light curve. However, we detect at 1-2σ level, a decrease of the radial velocity of the star during the first dip recorded after the Kepler observations. We claim the presence of an optically thick object with likely inclined and high impact parameter orbits that produces the observed Rossiter-McLaughlin effect.
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