Astronomy and Astrophysics
Aims: We study six recurrent jets that occurred in active region NOAA 12644 on April 4, 2017. They are observed in all the hot filters of AIA as well as cool surges in IRIS slit-jaw high spatial and temporal resolution images.
Methods: The AIA filters allow us to study the temperature and the emission measure of the jets using the filter ratio method. We studied the pre-jet phases by analysing the intensity oscillations at the base of the jets with the wavelet technique.
Results: A fine co-alignment of the AIA and IRIS data shows that the jets are initiated at the top of a canopy-like double-chambered structure with cool emission on one and hot emission on the other side. The hot jets are collimated in the hot temperature filters, have high velocities (around 250 km s-1) and are accompanied by cool surges and ejected kernels that both move at about 45 km s-1. In the pre-phase of the jets, we find quasi-periodic intensity oscillations at their base that are in phase with small ejections; they have a period of between 2 and 6 min, and are reminiscent of acoustic or magnetohydrodynamic waves.
Conclusions: This series of jets and surges provides a good case study for testing the 2D and 3D magnetohydrodynamic emerging flux models. The double-chambered structure that is found in the observations corresponds to the regions with cold and hot loops that are in the models below the current sheet that contains the reconnection site. The cool surge with kernels is comparable with the cool ejection and plasmoids that naturally appears in the models. Movies are available at http://https://www.aanda.org
El Sol es una estrella activa magnéticamente cuyas erupciones violentas pueden impactar y deformar la magnetosfera terrestre y causar perturbaciones importantes en instalaciones tecnológicas en tierra y en órbita. The Whole Sun tiene como objetivo central abordar, de forma coherente y por primera vez, cuestiones actuales clave en Física Solar