Inversions of synthetic umbral flashes: Effects of scanning time on the inferred atmospheres

Felipe, T.; Socas-Navarro, H.; Przybylski, D.
Referencia bibliográfica

Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 614, id.A73, 11 pp.

Fecha de publicación:
6
2018
Descripción
Context. The use of instruments that record narrowband images at selected wavelengths is a common approach in solar observations. They allow scanning of a spectral line by sampling the Stokes profiles with two-dimensional images at each line position, but require a compromise between spectral resolution and temporal cadence. The interpretation and inversion of spectropolarimetric data generally neglect changes in the solar atmosphere during the scanning of line profiles. Aims: We evaluate the impact of the time-dependent acquisition of various wavelengths on the inversion of spectropolarimetric profiles from chromospheric lines during umbral flashes. Methods: Numerical simulations of nonlinear wave propagation in a sunspot model were performed with the code MANCHA. Synthetic Stokes parameters in the Ca II 8542 Å line in NLTE were computed for an umbral flash event using the code NICOLE. Artificial profiles with the same wavelength coverage and temporal cadence from reported observations were constructed and inverted. The inferred atmospheric stratifications were compared with the original simulated models. Results: The inferred atmospheres provide a reasonable characterization of the thermodynamic properties of the atmosphere during most of the phases of the umbral flash. The Stokes profiles present apparent wavelength shifts and other spurious deformations at the early stages of the flash, when the shock wave reaches the formation height of the Ca II 8542 Å line. These features are misinterpreted by the inversion code, which can return unrealistic atmospheric models from a good fit of the Stokes profiles. The misguided results include flashed atmospheres with strong downflows, even though the simulation exhibits upflows during the umbral flash, and large variations in the magnetic field strength. Conclusions: Our analyses validate the inversion of Stokes profiles acquired by sequentially scanning certain selected wavelengths of a line profile, even in the case of rapidly changing chromospheric events such as umbral flashes. However, the inversion results are unreliable during a short period at the development phase of the flash.
Proyectos relacionados
Erupción solar
Simulación Numérica de Procesos Astrofísicos

La simulación numérica mediante códigos complejos de ordenador es una herramienta fundamental en la investigación física y en la técnica desde hace décadas. El crecimiento vertiginoso de las capacidades informáticas junto con el avance notable de la matemática numérica ha hecho accesible a los centros de investigación de tamaño medio

Imagen del Proyecto
Magnestismo Solar y Estelar

Los campos magnéticos son uno de los ingredientes fundamentales en la formación de estrellas y su evolución. En el nacimiento de una estrella, los campos magnéticos llegan a frenar su rotación durante el colapso de la nube molecular, y en el fin de la vida de una estrella, el magnetismo puede ser clave en la forma en la que se pierden las capas

Tobías
Felipe García
Project Image
Magnetismo, Polarización y Transferencia Radiativa en Astrofísica

Los campos magnéticos están presentes en todos los plasmas astrofísicos y controlan la mayor parte de la variabilidad que se observa en el Universo a escalas temporales intermedias. Se encuentran en estrellas, a lo largo de todo el diagrama de Hertzsprung-Russell, en galaxias, e incluso quizás en el medio intergaláctico. La polarización de la luz

Tanausú del
Pino Alemán