Into the storm: diving into the winds of the ultra-hot Jupiter WASP-76 b with HARPS and ESPRESSO

Seidel, J. V.; Ehrenreich, D.; Allart, R.; Hoeijmakers, H. J.; Lovis, C.; Bourrier, V.; Pino, L.; Wyttenbach, A.; Adibekyan, V.; Alibert, Y.; Borsa, F.; Casasayas-Barris, N.; Cristiani, S.; Demangeon, O. D. S.; Di Marcantonio, P.; Figueira, P.; González Hernández, J. I.; Lillo-Box, J.; Martins, C. J. A. P.; Mehner, A.; Molaro, P.; Nunes, N. J.; Palle, E.; Pepe, F.; Santos, N. C.; Sousa, S. G.; Sozzetti, A.; Tabernero, H. M.; Zapatero Osorio, M. R.
Referencia bibliográfica

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Fecha de publicación:
9
2021
Descripción
Context. Despite swift progress in the characterisation of exoplanet atmospheres in composition and structure, the study of atmospheric dynamics has not progressed at the same speed. While theoretical models have been developed to describe the lower layers of the atmosphere, and independently, the exosphere, little is known about the intermediate layers up to the thermosphere.
Aims: We aim to provide a clearer picture of atmospheric dynamics for the class of ultra-hot Jupiters, which are highly irradiated gas giants, based on the example of WASP-76 b.
Methods: We jointly analysed two datasets that were obtained with the HARPS and ESPRESSO spectrographs to interpret the resolved planetary sodium doublet. We then applied the MERC code, which retrieves wind patterns, speeds, and temperature profiles on the line shape of the sodium doublet. An updated version of MERC, with added planetary rotation, also provides the possibility of modelling the latitude dependence of the wind patterns.
Results: We retrieve the highest Bayesian evidence for an isothermal atmosphere, interpreted as a mean temperature of 3389 ± 227 K, a uniform day- to nightside wind of 5.5−2.0+1.4 km s−1 in the lower atmosphere with a vertical wind in the upper atmosphere of 22.7−4.1+4.9 km s−1, switching atmospheric wind patterns at 10−3 bar above the reference surface pressure (10 bar).
Conclusions: Our results for WASP-76 b are compatible with previous studies of the lower atmospheric dynamics of WASP-76 b and other ultra-hot Jupiters. They highlight the need for vertical winds in the intermediate atmosphere above the layers probed by global circulation model studies to explain the line broadening of the sodium doublet in this planet. This work demonstrates the capability of exploiting the resolved spectral line shapes to observationally constrain possible wind patterns in exoplanet atmospheres. This is an invaluable input to more sophisticated 3D atmospheric models in the future.
Proyectos relacionados
Descubrimiento de un sistema de supertierras orbitando la estrella HD 176986 con aproximadamente 5.7 and 9.2 masas de la Tierra
Estrellas de Baja Masa, Enanas Marrones y Planetas

Se investigan los procesos que conducen a la formación de estrellas de baja masa, enanas marrones y exoplanetas y caracterizar las propiedades físicas de estos astros en varias etapas evolutivas. Las estrellas de muy baja masa y las enanas marrones son probablemente los objetos más numerosos de nuestra Galaxia, pero no por ello están

Rafael
Rebolo López
Image withthe projects' name
Exoplanetas y Astrobiología

La búsqueda de vida en el Universo se ha visto impulsada por los recientes descubrimientos de planetas alrededor de otras estrellas (los llamados exoplanetas), convirtiéndose en uno de los campos más activos dentro de la Astrofísica moderna. En los últimos años los descubrimientos cada vez más numerosos de nuevos exoplanetas y los últimos avances

Enric
Pallé Bago