Centros de Galaxias a Escalas de Parsecs y Técnicas de Alta Resolución Espacial

Año de inicio
2003
    General
    Descripción

    Proyecto enfocado al estudio en el IR del núcleo de las galaxias más cercanas con resoluciones espaciales en el rango de 1 a 10 pc. Estas resoluciones espaciales, accesibles con los grandes telescopios de tierra usando técnicas frontera de observación, son por primera vez comparables a las que se obtienen rutinariamente con HST en el óptico y VLBI en radio. Los objetivos de este proyecto son:

    - Desarrollar un grupo leader en el IAC especializado en técnicas de alta resolución espacial en el IR, especificamente en adaptive optics, laser-guide star, speckle and optical interferometry. Para ello, este equipo está involucrado en el desarrollo del primer instrumento de óptica adaptativa para GTC, FRIDA http://www.iac.es/proyecto/frida/, en la definición de programas estratégicos de observación con láser en GTC con GTCAO y en la definición y desarrollo de instrumentación de óptica adaptativa futura para VLT, ERIS http://www.eso.org/~mschoell/ERIS/

    - Utilizar estas técnicas para el estudio de centros de galaxias, y sus manifestaciones energéticas, con resoluciones espaciales por debajo de 100mas. Para ello, el equipo desarrolla los siguientes proyectos:

    a) Proyecto PARSEC: "The central PARSEC of galaxies http://www.iac.es/project/parsec/main/index.php. Estudio del centro de galaxias más cercanas y brillantes utilizando datos de resolución espacial comparable: radio con VLA, IR con óptica adaptativa e interferometría óptica, y óptico con HST

    b) Proyecto PAIS: Particle Accelerators In Space http://www.iac.es/proyecto/jets-and-hotspots-in-radiogalaxies/main/inde…. Estudio de jets y hot-spots en galaxias. El programa explora los procesos físicos que dan lugar a emisión óptica en jets y hot-spots, usando datos con alta resolución espacial procedentes de VLA, HST y VLT.

    Investigador principal
    1. El resultado del Master Tesis de estudiante Elena López se publica en MNRAS, López & Prieto, 2018. IAC Press Release con eco en más de 23 medios de comunicación
    2. Proyecto PARSEC produce tres resultados de impacto en 2018: dos letters in MNRAS y un artículo en Nature (todos liderados por miembros de PARSEC)
    3. PARSEC permanece el único estudio de centros de galaxias a nivel internacional basado en el uso simultaneo de multi-longitud de onda, variabilidad y resoluciones de parsecs
    4. En competición abierta, se gana financiación completa del Gobierno de Brasil para cubrir 1 contrato, 1 ano, en el IAC, para el miembro de PARSEC Dr. Rodríguez-Ardila, para

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